Engineering Education and Policymaking in China: Historical Forces, Current Practices, and Global Challenges
This work is now under contract and is to be submitted to the Brill Publishers.
As a rising power in global economy, China has developed world’s largest engineering education system. However, little (if any) systematic research has been conducted to understand the professional formation of Chinese engineers. This monograph will be the first book-length contribution on the historical, social, and political environment in which Chinese engineers become who they are. This book consists of seven chapters. The first chapter introduces the dominant images of engineering education in China that make the “China model” a unique case in global engineering education. By examining the changing meaning of the image “practical engineer,” the second chapter reviews the historical development of engineering education in the People’s Republic of China since 1949. The third chapter examines how historical and political forces were integrated into the development of Chinese engineering education institutions by looking at a specific case Dalian University of Technology which was the first engineering school completely created by the Communist Party. The fourth and fifth chapters discuss the cultures and methods of making engineering education policies in China in a global context. The sixth chapter places the discussion of China’s engineering education policymaking in a cross-national context. It compares how China and India (two BRIC countries) who produce the two largest populations of engineers historically faced similar challenges but responded to these challenges differently. The last chapter synthesizes the findings from previous chapters and summarizes the most recent policy innovations in China that aim to change the image of engineering education system from a “large country in engineering education” to a “strong country in engineering education.”
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